Consumer Price Index – Germany – Euro-zone

Assesses changes in the cost of living by measuring changes in the prices of consumer items. The CPI is the headline inflation figure that indicates the strength of domestic inflationary pressures. Simply put, inflation reflects a decline in the purchasing power of the Euro in Germany , where each Euro buys fewer goods and services. CPI is the most popular way to measure changes in purchasing power. The report tracks changes in the price of a basket of goods and services that a typical German household might purchase. An increase in the index indicates that it takes more Euros to purchase this same set of basic consumer items.

The German CPI is significant as one of the primary gauges of inflation. As the largest Euro-zone economy, inflation in Germany will contribute significantly to inflation in the Euro-zone and the behavior of the European Central Bank. High or rising inflation acts as a signal to the ECB to raise interest rates, an action which will result in the strengthening of the Euro. The headline figure for CPI is the percentage change in monthly and annualized percentage term.

CPI Core
The CPI is also expressed as Core CPI, a similar measure that excludes energy and food in the basket of goods. The market typically pays more attention to the Core CPI, because its exclusion of volatile goods like food and energy avoids CPI distortion, giving a clearer picture of German inflation.

Relevance: Tends to move markets on release
Release Schedule: 6:00 (GMT); monthly
Source of Report: Federal Statistical Office Germany
Web Address:
Address of Release:
AKA: HICP, Harmonized CPI

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